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Ellemanska -- Minus273's Homepage

Minus273's Homepage -> Ellemanska

(Only in English, sorry for inconvinience)

Spelling and Pronounciation

The spelling is quite straightforward with the following graphemes:
B: as in Bat
C: before a o u as k, before i e as s
CH: as a German achlaut or ichlaut
D: as in Dog
F: as in Folk
G: as in Good, always hard
H: as in Help
J: as in Yet
K: as in Camera
L: as in Lamb or taiL
M: as in Mine
N: as in New
NG: the ng in siNGer, not the one in fiNGer
P: as in Port
Q: as k
R: uvular, as a German or Danish one
S: as in Saint
SCH: an in SHeep
T: as in Tall
TSCH: as in CHoice
V: as in Voice
W: as V
X: as k plus an s
A: as in dUsk
E: as in bEt
I: as in bit
O: as in mOre
U: as in lOOk
Ö: as in German
Ü: as in German
All following vowels are long:
AA: as in hOt
EE: as in hAY
IE: as in bEEp
OO: as in mOre
UU: as in rOOm
ÖÖ: as a German Ö
ÜÜ: as a German Ü
AU: as in cOW
EI: as in mIGHt
Vowels may reduce to a schwa, which will be noted as /@/.


The language has two genders: neutral and common, as in Dutch, Platt and Scanadivian languages except Bokmaal and Nynorsk, and two cases: nominative and objective.
Nouns are capitalized as in German.

Plural Nouns

Some nouns add '-en', some '-s', and some are irregular.


The infinite singular article is 'en' /@n/.
The definite article is as follows:
Singular Neuter: Dat
Singular Common Nominative: De /d@/
Singular Common Objective: Den
Plural: De /d@/

Possesive Nouns

The possessive form of a noun is formed by a -'s for most endings and -'es for s z endings, for example 'de Mann's'(the man's).[:h]Pronouns
ENGLISH: I You He She It We Y'all They
Nominative: Ik Du He Sie Dat Wi Ji See
Accusative: Mie Die Hem Haar Det Uns Juun Jüm
Dative: Mee Dee
Possesive: Mien Dien Sien Eer Sien Uns Juun Huun
Reflexive: Sik


Adjectives decline with the noun.
Singular Neuter: stem
Singular Common Nominative: stem
Singular Common Objective: stem+-(e)n /@n/
Plural: stem+-(e)n /@n/

Comparative and Superlative

For adjectives: -er and -(e)st
Sometimes 'meest' is usable for superlative.
Some adjectives are irregular, for example 'good - better - best'(identical in English).

Regular Verbs

Person: 1st-sing 2nd-sing 3rd-sing plur
Infinitive: stem+-(t)en /@n/
Present: stem+ - -st -t -en
Past participle: ge-+paststem+-t/d
Imperfect: Regular verbs never use the imperfect tense.
Perfect: 'Heben'+pp
Pluperfect: 'Heben'(imperfect)+pp

Auxillary Verbs

Person: I You He/she/it We Y'all They

To be -- SIEN

Present: bün büst is sünd sünd sünd
Imperfect: weer weerst weer weern weern weern
Past participle: ween
Imperative singular: wees
Imperative plural: weest

To have -- HEBEN

Present: heb hest het heben hebt heben
Imperfect: har harst har harn harn harn
Past participle: hat
Imperative singular: heb
Imperative plural: hebt
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